The first sign of the evolution of Indian music came from a book called “Natyasastra” written by Bharata. The exact era of the conception of this book is not confirmed yet but it has been estimated to be composed sometime between the 2nd century BC and the 5th century AD.  The Natyasastra is an exposition on the Dramatic Arts. This work has ever since exercised an immense influence on the progress of Indian dance, music and the performing arts in general.


The Indian music is based upon the concept of “Sangeet” which is a beautiful amalgamation of three wonderful forms of art, namely, instrumental music, vocal music and dance. Initially these three forms of art originated from a solitary field of stagecraft. But with passage of time, these three artfroms have evolved into multifaceted and vastly superior individual art forms. The current structure of Indian music is based upon two significant pillars of “Rag” and “Tal”.  Rag is the melodic form while Tal is the rhythmic. The term raga was first mentioned in detail in a work from the 10th century called the Brhaddesi, credited to Matanga. Sometime, during 13th century, the theorist Sarngadeva, who had authored the great work Sangitaratnakara, listed 264 ragas.