It’s a little surprising to know but, traditionally, Indian songs were composed in Sanskrit. But going by the historians, arrival of sixteenth century brought new changes in songs as well. During this time, songs were started to be composed in various dialects of Hindi. Dialects like Bhojpuri and Braj Bhasa were main Hindi dialects. Apart from Hindi dialects, songs were also composed in Urdu and Persian


That era saw vast usage of songs written by great poet-saints like Tulsidas, Surdas, Kabir and Mirabai. All these songs were sung with great taste in vernacular tongues. These songs brought forth a devotional (or Bhakti) movements. These songs are still very popular amongst masses and can be heard in hinterland in the times of celebrations and festivals.


India is also credited to introduce few of the musical instruments to the world. Instruments like Sitar and Tabla are strictly associated with Indian music. Apart from these two, there are many instruments which we may not be familiar with. When we look at the Indian music history; it is no less complex and fascinating than Indian arts in general. But as we delve deep into the exciting ocean of Indian music, we keep finding pearls. It won’t be an exaggeration to say that, attempting to understand Indian music is a lifetime job.