Bhajans hold a very important place in Indian culture. One of the traditional hallmarks of Indian devotion, bhajans are basically songs sung in the honor of God. Like Gospels, The bhajan has a special place in Indian society. Historically bhajans are said to be originated and popularized between 14th to 17th centuries. The lyrics used in the bhajans are quite simple to understand but profound in thought and philosophy. Bhajans can be heard from the common people like farmers and merchants. Most of these bhajans carry multifarious spiritual truths.

During the Mogul period, a Hindu revivalist movement was going on, called as Bhakti movement. Bhakti movement heavily relied on bhajans. This movement aimed at salvation of masses through spiritual attainment. This movement wanted to awaken love for god amongst all people. Bhakti movement also preached about just pure love of god which did not include any traditional rituals. Bhajan played a crucial part in spreading this movement. Technically, bhajans can not be explained because of its unique distinction from any particular musical characteristics. It has a huge range within, right from commonly heard ritual chant to most evolved versions of music. Bhajans have a sense of devotion which makes it very different from other genres of music.

Bhajan contains a very simple and traditional structure. It has numerous antara and single sthai. Typically, the last antara contains the pseudonym of the author.