Qawwali is one of the most conventional forms of songs. It’s basically a version of Islamic song, popular in India and Pakistan.  Origin of the word qawwali is traced to Arabic word Qaol, meaning ‘axiom’ or ‘dictum’.  Singer of Qawwali is called Qawwal. Qawwali is sung in praises of God and represents spiritual aspects of life.

 

Historically, qawwali is said to be originated somewhere around the era of the birth of Muhammad.  The first time basics of qawwali were defined, it was during 10th and 11th century. Al-Gazli is credited to define principles of qawwalis. Though, even before him, other Islamic scholars had talked about spiritual side of this genre of music. The spread and popularity of qawwali in Indian and Pakistan is because of Chisti school of Sufism. This school is rumored to be started by Khwaj Moinuddin Hasan Chisti (1143-1234).  However, this has not been established as a fact, yet.

 

Another Muslim saint who helped in spreading qawwali was Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya (1236-1325).  Known as a pious man, he used qawwalis in his preaching, praising the deeds of God. Both Khwaj Moinuddin Hasan Chisti and Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya are famous resource of inspiration to many people and every year mass gathering is held at their tombs. But one man who stands above the rest when it comes to propagating the musings of qawwalis, it is Amir Khusru (1254-1324). His fame is because of his talents as Philosopher and musician. He helped in the evolution of qawwali by mixing numerous musical elements from different cultures. He used musical parts from India. Persia (Iran) and Turkey and produced an altogether different magical effect.   

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