Ragas


One of the most important rags of Hindustani sangeet is rag Yaman. Yaman is the primary rag in Kalyan. One of the first rags to be taught in musical classes, the origin of rag Yaman is not confirmed. Historians are divided about its origin. Some ascribe its origin to Persian tradition whereas some others find its roots in carnatic music. Rag Yaman is also known as Kalyani in classical carnatic music. In its essence it can be traced back to Greek era as well as Indian origins.

 

Rag Yaman has got very peaceful and serene effect. This rag is also associated with evening time. This rag is also related to Bilawal. Both of these are taught early in musical teaching. This rag is also suitable for harmonium playing because of the simple fact that it can be easily played by just using white keys on the instrument.

 

Famous songs based on this rag is ‘Aap ke anurodh pe main ye geet’, ‘Aaye ho meri zindagi mein’, ‘Abhi na jao chodke’, ‘Ansu bhari hai ye jivan ki rahe’, ’Ang ang rang jhalakae’, ’Ansu samajh ke kyu mujhe’, ‘Bada dukh dina tere lakhan ne’, ‘Bade bhole ho’, ‘Bhuli hui yadon’, ‘Chandan sa badan chanchal chitvan’, ‘Chuppa lo yun dil mein pyar mera’, ‘Dil diya dard liya’, ‘Dil-e-betab ko sine se’, ‘Dil job hi kahega manenge’ etc among others. The way this rag is popularly used, this is going to be a part of musical jounrney for a long time to come.


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Songs are based on rags and ragas are numerous. Ragas used in tandem with soothing music results into melodious and touching music. There are many classical ragas which have been used in Indian songs which have been proved to be rage. Few of the famous songs based on classical rags are;

 

Ae Dil Mujhe Aisi Jagah Le Chal, Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje, Manmohan Man mein Ho Tumhi, Radhike tune bansuri churaye are based on rag ‘Adana’.  ‘Abhogi Kanada’ has been used in melodies like, Jiya lage kya karu sajna, Na jaiyo re sautan ghar sainyan etc. Rag ‘Ahir Bhairav’ has been used in songs like Apne jeevan ki uljhan ko, Albela sajan aayo re, Chalo man jaye ghar apne, Dheere dheere subah hui hai jag uthi zindagi, Humein koi gam nahi tha, game-aashiqi se pehle, Mai ri mai, Ram teri ganga maili ho gayi, Vandana karo archana karo, Zindagi ko savarna hoga, Solah baras ki baali umar ko salam, Pucho na kaise maine rain bitayi etc.

 

Other rags starting with A include Alhiya bilawal, Anandi, Asavari, Audav bilawal etc. songs based on these rags are, Udjaje re kaga, Yaad piya ki aaye etc. Musical fraternity has been blessed with number of rags which has inspired composers since ages to produce soothing music. Bahar, Bageshri, Barawa, Bhairav, Bhairavi, Basant vihar, Bhairagi bhairav, Basant mukhri, Bhimpalasi, Bhatiyar, Bhinasadaj, Bhupal todi etc.